Középszintű angol érettségi 2018. október - 4. olvasott szöveg értése feladat.
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PRESS ME – THE BUTTONS THAT LIE TO YOU
The underground arrives at a busy station 0) C . It is early evening on a Thursday. There is a crowd of commuters inside and outside the train, 1) . The man who is nearest to them is very impatient. He pushes the green button 2) . A second later, the doors softly open. The crowds get on and off the train, 3) . Possibly the traveller didn’t know this, but his finger had no effect on the mechanism.
Some would call this a ‘placebo button’ – it 4) , but it is at least psychologically satisfying to push for the user. In fact, there are many examples of buttons which do nothing and indeed other technologies 5) , but here’s the really surprising thing. Many people say that we benefit from the illusion that we are in control of something – 6) .
In 2013, BBC journalist Tom de Castella discovered 7) . A crossing in central London had programmed intervals for red and green lights, for example. Pushing the button would only change the length of these intervals between midnight and 7am. In several other cities during busy periods, the crossings were programmed 8) . The buttons did nothing, but a “wait” light would still show when they were pressed and, yes, people still pressed them believing 9) !
|A)||which says “open”|
|B)||even when we’re not|
|C)||along the Central Line in London|
|D)||gives no control over a system|
|E)||to change their signals at a specific rate|
|F)||that zebra crossings had a great many placebo buttons|
|G)||waiting for the doors to open|
|H)||which are actually designed to mislead us|
|I)||where you may have to wait over a minute|
|K)||that their actions were having an effect|
|L)||and their journeys continue|